Palestinian News Item
Questions at National Knowledge Quiz for Youth glorify terrorists and terror attacks, with participation of PA Education Minister
Official Palestinian Authority TV
Apr. 7, 2018
Official PA TV, live broadcast of the 2017-2018 PA National Knowledge Quiz for Youth in El-Bireh
Visual: Caption on screen: “National Knowledge Quiz/Red Cross Hall – El-Bireh”
National Knowledge Quiz host: “[Fatah Central Committee member, Fatah Commissioner of Information, Culture, and Ideology, and] Head of the Board of Directors of the [PA-supported] Yasser Arafat Foundation Dr. Nasser Al-Qidwa, [PA] Minister of Education and High Education [and Fatah Central Committee Deputy Secretary] Dr. Sabri Saidam, honored ladies and gentlemen in the audience with all their names and titles – welcome. We welcome you to the finals of the 2017-2018 National Knowledge Quiz…
In this quiz there are certainly no winners or losers. The goal of this quiz is to strengthen the collective awareness of our rights and our problem, and also to strengthen our identity. The organizers of the quiz – the Yasser Arafat Foundation and the [PA] Ministry of Education and High Education, with the media participation of the Palestine Broadcasting Corporation – hope to develop this quiz and through it reach every Palestinian home in order to strengthen our people’s resolve to achieve victory.”
Text on screen: “[Question for] the Al-Khansa High School for Girls
The following died as Martyrs (Shahids) in the cowardly assassination operation in 1991:
1 – Salah Khalaf (i.e., head of Black September terror organization), Hayel Abd Al-Hamid (i.e., one of the founders of Fatah who was assassinated together with Salah Khalaf), Nasser Abu Ali
2 – Muhammad Al-Omari, Salah Khalaf, Kamal Adwan (i.e., senior member of Black September)
3 – Salah Khalaf, Hayel Abd Al-Hamid, Muhammad Al-Omari (apparently refers to Fakhri Al-Omari “Abu Muhammad,” see note below –Ed.)
4 – Salah Khalaf, Khalil Al-Omari, Hayel Abd Al-Hamid
(The correct answer is 3 –Ed.)
[Question for] the Salfit High School for Boys
Only one includes the correct order of the events as they occurred chronologically:
1 – the Khan Yunis massacre, the Deir Yassin massacre, the Sabra and Shatila massacre (see notes below –Ed.)
2 – The outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War, the fall of the Tel Al-Zaatar camp, the siege of Beirut
3 – the Wadi Al-Haramiya operation (i.e., terror attack, 10 murdered), the Dimona operation (i.e., terror attack known as the Mothers’ Bus attack, 3 murdered), the Coastal [Road] operation (i.e., Coastal Road massacre, 37 murdered, 12 of them children)
4 – the death as a Martyr of Kamal Nasser (i.e., senior member of Black September), the death as a Martyr of Abu Ali Iyad (i.e., Fatah terrorist responsible for numerous attacks), the death as a Martyr of Salah Khalaf
(The correct answer is 2 –Ed.)
[Question for] the Salfit High School for Boys
The first Palestinian female fighter arrested by the occupation forces following the occupation in 1967 was:
1 – Shadia Abu Ghazaleh (i.e., terrorist bomb-maker)
2 – Laila Khaled (i.e., terrorist, participated in plane hijackings in which 1 was murdered)
3 – Fatima Barnawi (i.e., terrorist, planted a bomb in a movie theater)
4 – Zuleikha Al-Shihabi (i.e., Arab activist in Jerusalem who opposed Jewish immigration during the British Mandate period)
(The correct answer is 3 –Ed.)”
The screenshot shows Head of the Board of Directors of the PA-supported Yasser Arafat Foundation Nasser Al-Qidwa speaking at the event.
The screenshot shows PA Minister of Education and High Education Sabri Saidam speaking at the event.
The screenshot shows the three groups of quiz finalists standing on stage with a large screen behind them.
Text on screen: “2017-2018 Academic Year National Knowledge Quiz”
Al-Khansa - Arab woman and poet from the earliest period of Islam (7th century) famous and honored in Islamic tradition for rejoicing when all four of her sons died in battle as Martyrs. She has been lauded by the PA and often presented as a role model for mothers, and the PA has named 8 schools after her.
Salah Khalaf (Abu Iyad) - PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat’s deputy, one of the founders of Fatah, and head of the terror organization Black September, a secret branch of Fatah. Attacks he planned include the murder of 11 Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics (Sept. 5, 1972) and the murder of two American diplomats in Sudan (March 1, 1973). It is commonly assumed that his assassin, a former Fatah bodyguard, was sent by the Abu Nidal Organization, a rival Palestinian faction.
Kamal Adwan was responsible for Fatah’s terrorist operations in Israel in the early 1970’s and was a senior member of Black September, a secret branch of Fatah. He was killed by Israeli forces in April 1973.
Fakhri Al-Omari – Fatah member and a founding member of the Black September terror organization, a secret branch of Fatah, and top aide to Salah Khalaf, one of the founders of Fatah and the head of Black September. Fatah has credited Al-Omari with being the one who conceived the idea of the 1972 Munich Olympics massacre in which 11 Israeli Olympic athletes were murdered, and stated that he participated in its planning. Al-Omari and Salah Khalaf were assassinated on Jan. 14, 1991 by Khalaf's bodyguard, who it is commonly assumed was recruited to do so by the Abu Nidal Organization, a rival Palestinian faction.
“Khan Yunis massacre” and “Rafah massacre” - What the Palestinians call the “Khan Yunis massacre” and "Rafah massacre" refers to battles during the Sinai War (Operation Kadesh, the Suez Crisis) of 1956. Following years of terror attacks from the Gaza Strip against Israelis, and then the Egyptian nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956, Israel together with Britain and France attacked and defeated the Egyptian army and took control of all of the Sinai, and the Gaza Strip. Palestinians claim that Israeli soldiers killed 275 non- combatant men in Khan Yunis on Nov. 3, 1956, and 111 in Rafah on Nov. 12, after the war had ended. Israel reported that as the army approached Khan Yunis, armed locals joined Egyptian soldiers and attacked, resulting in deaths in an armed battle. In Rafah, civilians broke into UN storehouses apparently thinking that the Israeli army had already left, sparking a clash. Egyptian soldiers and armed men later attacked Israeli soldiers and there too sustained casualties. The actual numbers of Egyptian soldiers and local fighters who died in these two battles are unknown.
Deir Yassin - On April 9, 1948, Jewish fighters from the Irgun and Lehi military groups, part of the forces opening the blockaded road to Jerusalem, attacked the Arab village of Deir Yassin. When the battle was over, the village had fallen and in addition to the Arab fighters killed, 107 civilians were also killed. Narratives differ as to whether the civilians were killed in the crossfires or were intentionally murdered by the Irgun and Lehi fighters.
Sabra and Shatila are Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon. In 1982, during the first Lebanon War, Muslim residents of the camps were massacred by Christian Phalangists. The PA has a longstanding policy of falsely accusing Israel of committing the massacre or actively helping to carry it out.
Wadi Al-Haramiya attack - Palestinian terrorist Thaer Hammad murdered 3 Israeli civilians and 7 soldiers by shooting them with a sniper rifle from a hilltop in Wadi Al-Haramiya between Ramallah and Nablus on March 3, 2002. Hammad is serving 11 life sentences for these murders.
Mothers’ Bus attack – On March 7, 1988, Muhammad Abd Al-Qader Muhammad Issa, Muhammad Khalil Saleh Al-Khanafi, and Abdallah Abd Al-Majid Muhammad Kallab hijacked a bus carrying workers to the Negev Nuclear Research Center in Dimona, and murdered 3 of its passengers – Miriam Ben-Yair, Rina Shiratky and Victor Ram. The attack is referred to as the Mothers' Bus attack because many of the passengers were working mothers. The terrorists were all killed by an Israel Police counter-terrorism unit that stormed the bus.
Coastal Road Massacre - In March 1978, a group of Fatah terrorists from Lebanon led by Dalal Mughrabi hijacked a bus on Israel's Coastal Highway. Confronted by the Israeli army, the terrorists murdered many of the passengers on the bus, in total 37 civilians, 12 of them children, and wounded more than 70. The attack, orchestrated by arch-terrorist Abu Jihad (Khalil Al-Wazir), is known in Israel as the Coastal Road Massacre.
Kamal Nasser – was the spokesperson for PLO and Fatah and a senior member of Black September, a secret branch of Fatah. He was killed by Israeli forces in April 1973.
Abu Ali Iyad was appointed head of Fatah military operations in 1966 and was responsible for several terror attacks. The attacks included a bombing in the town of Beit Yosef in northern Israel on April 25, 1966 (injuring 3 people), and placing bombs in the town of Margaliot in northern Israel on July 19, 1966. He was killed in 1971 in Jordan by the Jordanian army when it forced Fatah members out of the country.
Shadia Abu Ghazaleh - active in the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) terror organization and prepared bombs for many attacks against Israel. While she was preparing a bomb for an attack in Tel Aviv in 1968, it accidentally detonated and killed her.
Laila Khaled - PFLP terrorist who participated in the hijacking of TWA flight 840 from Rome to Athens on Aug. 29, 1969 and the hijacking of El Al flight 219 from Amsterdam to New York on Sept. 6, 1970. The second hijacking was averted by the pilot and security personnel on board. They shot Khaled’s accomplice, Patrick Argüello, who had murdered one of the flight attendants. Khaled was overpowered and the plane landed in London, where Khaled was handed over and held by British police until she was exchanged on Oct. 1, 1970 for hostages held by the PFLP.
Fatima Barnawi - Palestinian female terrorist who placed a bomb in a movie theater in Jerusalem in 1967. The bomb failed to explode. She was sentenced to life imprisonment but was released in 1977 after serving 10 years. In 2015, PA Chairman Mahmoud Abbas honored Barnawi with the Military Star of Honor.